Skin Care

Sunscreen Secrets: Your Ultimate Guide

When Should You Use Sunscreen?

Contrary to a common myth, sunscreen isn’t just for the beach—it’s a daily beauty necessity. Rain or shine, indoors or outdoors, sunscreen should be a part of your routine. UV radiation affects us year-round, making daily use crucial for long-term skin health.

Order of Application in Skincare Routine

In most cases, sunscreen is the final step in your beauty routine, following serums, morning creams, and eye cream. However, the formula matters. Chemical sunscreens, needing skin penetration, may benefit from being applied first. Mineral sunscreens, the market’s common choice, generally come last in the routine.

Can a Self-Tanner Replace Sunscreen?

Under no circumstances should a self-tanner substitute sunscreen. Their purposes differ, and even with SPF levels, self-tanners lose UV protection over time. Daily sunscreen application remains essential for consistent protection.

Should You Apply Sunscreen Multiple Times a Day?

Should we apply sunscreen multiple times a day? We’ve dropped a hint in the previous section, but the answer is: yes, we should apply sunscreen several times a day. Regardless of the SPF value presented, the performance of this product deteriorates over time, and only with multiple applications can we maintain maximum protection throughout the day. However, there are situations where such applications should be more frequent. For instance, at the beach, it’s advisable to apply sunscreen every two hours. In the office or at home, reinforcing every six hours is sufficient. If swimming or sweating intensely, apply sunscreen immediately, as it fades more quickly with water (yes, even waterproof sunscreens).

Difference Between UVA and UVB Rays:

In simplified terms, UVA rays penetrate deeper, contributing to photoaging, while UVB rays cause sunburns. Both may lead to various skin cancers.

What Are Broad-Spectrum Sunscreens?

Unlike sunscreens protecting only against one type of radiation, broad-spectrum sunscreens guard against both UVA and UVB rays, offering enhanced effectiveness.

How to Choose the Right SPF?

The acronym SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor, and traditionally, it indicates how effective a sunscreen is against UVB rays – unless, as mentioned above, it is a broad-spectrum sunscreen. Its value describes the additional time we can spend in the sun without burning our skin. In other words, if a sunscreen has an SPF of 15, it means that with the sunscreen applied, we take an extra 15 minutes to get a sunburn compared to not using any protection. The higher the SPF, the greater the protection, hence the recommendation to use sunscreens with an SPF above 30 (high protection) or, even better, above 50 (very high protection).

Skincare for Oily Skin

Individuals with combination to oily skin often face challenges in selecting sunscreens, as many formulas tend to stimulate skin oiliness. If this is the case, you can start by looking for an oil-free sunscreen or, at the very least, one with a fluid and lightweight texture that feels lighter on your skin. Additionally, it is crucial to pay extra attention to skin cleansing. Individuals with more intense oiliness may benefit from a double cleansing routine to ensure that no residue of sunscreen and/or makeup remains on the face. Applying sunscreen to a completely clean skin surface will result in much less oiliness than layering product upon product on the skin.

Skincare for Dry Skin

One of the most common tricks for dry skin involves mixing sunscreen with moisturizer to facilitate its application. However, several studies have shown that this habit can reduce the effectiveness of SPF, making it an unrecommended technique. Nevertheless, there are ways to adapt sunscreen for drier skin. First, similar to oily skin, it’s preferable to use a lightweight texture that can be layered, allowing for slower absorption by the skin. Next, be on the lookout for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid or ceramides, known for their moisturizing properties, in sunscreen formulas. Lastly, there’s no need to fear applying “too much.” In reality, most people apply much less sunscreen than recommended by experts. For example, for the face, it is advised to apply about 1/3 of a teaspoon of sunscreen.

Explore the secrets of sunscreen for a flawless and protected complexion. Adapt these tips to your skincare routine and embrace the beauty of healthy, sun-shielded skin.

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