Cos&Beauty

How to Treat Sunspots on Face

Sunspots, those marks not freckles or moles, indicate significant sun exposure. “Sunspots are the skin’s response to daily UV exposure,” says Dr. Mona Gohara, Clinical Associate Professor of Dermatology at Yale School of Medicine. These small, flat lesions can appear anywhere on the body, often seen on the face, ranging in color from brown to light brown and reaching fingertip size.

Also known as solar lentigines or age spots, sunspots tend to emerge on the skin after the age of 40.

Not a fan of sunspots’ appearance? Concerned they might turn into something serious like skin cancer? Keep reading for all the essential information about sunspots on your face and how to treat and prevent them.

Causes of Sunspots

Sunspots are a key sign of photoaging – in other words, UV rays accelerate premature aging of the skin. They result from excessive pigmentation or areas darker than normal skin color. When your skin cells produce too much melanin, excessive pigmentation occurs, giving your skin a natural tone. According to the Mayo Clinic, prolonged UV exposure over years can lead to clumping of melanin or the formation of high concentrations of melanin, resulting in sunspots. The more sun damage, the more sunspots you may develop; severe sunburn, as reported by Harvard Medical School, can lead to sunspots.

Fair-skinned individuals are more likely to develop sunspots. Approximately 90% of Caucasians have sunspots by the age of 60, though people with darker skin tones can also develop them. The development and quantity of sunspots depend on your genetics and the cumulative sun damage throughout your life, according to Dr. Whitney A. High, Professor of Dermatology, Pathology, and Dermatopathology Director in Colorado.

Treatment of Sunspots

Several options are available for removing or making sunspots less noticeable. Consult your dermatologist to determine the best treatment for you.

“Retinoids and Vitamin C are very helpful,” says Dr. Gohara. Vitamin C is believed to inhibit melanin production, reducing excessive pigmentation. However, do not self-prescribe; your doctor will know the right type of retinoid for the job. For instance,”Retinoic acid, a derivative of Vitamin A, can eliminate pigment abnormalities, including sunspots,” says Dr. High. Your dermatologist may also use freezing sprays to remove sunspots.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy can “resurface” your skin, repairing sun damage and sunspots. However, this treatment isn’t suitable for everyone and may cause minor side effects such as redness or, in some cases, infection. Additionally, a recent study examined the potential risks of hyperpigmentation after laser surgery to remove sunspots and found that local corticosteroids can reverse the issue if it arises from an inflammatory response.

Microdermabrasion removes the skin’s surface, eliminating sunspots as the skin regrows. Again, your doctor will determine if this treatment is suitable for you.

Prevention of Sunspots

“Even if you laser sunspots, once you go back into the sun without protecting your skin, your sunspots will come back,” warns Dr. Rogers. “Never lie in the sun for a tan. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen whenever outdoors, applying it to any exposed areas.”

If your doctor recommends Vitamin C to help reduce sunspots, you can also use it as preventive care. “Vitamin C serum can help prevent sunspots,” says Dr. Rogers. “I tell my patients to apply three layers of protection: serum, moisturizer, and sunscreen.” Avoid sun exposure during the strongest time of the day (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.), wear a wide-brimmed hat, and stay in the shade.

Let’s treat sunspots on the face together,no more worrying about sunspots on face.

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